Rapid population growth makes it in line with the housing property growth. It will be impacting to the available space for the building which will be gradually decreased from year to year. One of the solutions is to build the building vertically, rather than horizontally that consume more space.
Most of the building is built very high and called a skyscraper. The skyscrapers are mainly used for business, hotel, apartment, and etc, so it will be a multi-solution for the area limitation. Some of those skyscrapers are amazingly tall and spread all over the countries.
From the 10 tallest skyscrapers on earth that we have listed below, almost half of them located in China. It shows that the China’s government is very serious in growing their economic sector. Read down the list below of some surprising facts of those skyscrapers.
10. International Commerce Center, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Built in the capital city of Hong Kong, this skyscraper’s height is 484 meters high! Those 104 floors are mainly used for residential, commercial and business facilities, and all of it is supported with a world-class transportation system, that the Hong Kong has been well-known of.
The skyscraper itself has some amazing facilities, such as a 16-floor hotel at the top a roof-top swimming pool and a Sky 100. The Sky 100 is an observation facilities at 100th floor, that provides a 360 degrees view the entire Hong Kong’s landmark.
9. Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, China
This is the first China’s skyscrapers in the list: Shanghai World Financial Center. It was built in Pudong, Shanghai, China, with a 494 meters tall, with the budget estimated for USD 1,2 billion. The tower has a unique hole space at the top of the tower, makes it alike with a bottle opener.
The construction started on 1997, but it took almost 11 years to complete the building. It was because of the China’s financial crisis, makes the construction had been delayed for 6 years. And finally, the opening ceremony of this tower could be held on 2008 as the construction had been finally finished.
8. Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan
The number 8 of the list is located in Taipei, Taiwan. The height is 508 meter with a 101 floor in the building. Beforehand, it was formerly known as Taipei World Financial Center and held a record for the tallest building in the world for years.
The architecture itself was inspired by bamboo plant, a native China’s plant, on the outside spire. It is the business center in Taipei, that used by some giant world’s corporation. The top floor is occupied by Din Xiang 101, the highest restaurant in the country.
7. CTF Finance Center, Guangzhou, China
The 7th rank is reserved by another China’s skyscraper, CTF Finance Center. Situated in Guangzhou, this skyscraper’s height is 530 meters high, with 111 floors. 86 elevators are provided to support the building’s operational, with the speed can be up to 72 km/hour.
CTF Finance Center has one of the world’s highest observation deck, only a little lower than the record holder (555 meters). The construction of this skyscraper allow the building to have more window spaces on its size, yet also make the construction is stronger and more resistant to earthquake.
6. One World Trade Center, New York, United States of America
The next skyscraper is the replacement from the one that’s been collapse after the airplane crash, it is One World Trade Center. The skyscraper is 546 meters high and had been opened in October 2014. Learned from the tragedy, the building was designed with high safety requirement to allow people evacuate very quickly and safely.
The tower also has a fuel cell system with 4.8 million Watts capacity! It also uses steam was for electricity, and its design can be collecting rainwater from the entire site. This innovation makes the building become one of the greenest building in the world.
5. Lotte World Tower, Seoul, South Korea
This is the first and only Korea’s tower on the list. The owner of this tower is Lotte Group, a huge conglomerate from Korea with various business spread all over the world. Built for 123 floors and 555 meters high, this tower has been used for mall, offices, residences and luxury hotel. A giant aquarium –Lotte Aquarium- with 650 different marine species occupy the basement.
The design of the tower was inspired by Korea’s historical art, such as ceramics, porcelains, and calligraphy. The designer also aims for Green Building certification named LEED Gold accreditation.
4. Ping An Finance Center, Shenzhen, China
The construction of Shenzhen’s tallest tower takes around 7 years, due to the controversy of using sea sand concrete. The budget is estimated at USD 700 million. The complex consists of two towers, South, and North. The taller tower is the North (646 meters), and the remained is the South (300 meters). The North is used for offices, while the South tower is for a hotel.
The North tower holds the record of The World’s Tallest Office Building from previous One World Trade Center in the US. It also has an observatory deck that only 5 meters less from the record holder.
3. Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
To accommodate the Hajj season is Mecca, Saudi Arabia’s government built a giant tower which mainly used as a hotel. The tower is 601 meters high with 120 floors, and what’s best, it is very near from Kabah, the greatest worship house of Islam. The cost to build this tower is estimated at USD 15 billion.
The tower has a 4-faced tower, which can be seen from 25 km away. It is the highest clock tower in the world and equipped with 2 million LED lights to illuminate the clock. The Fairmont Hotel at the top of the tower was the highest hotel before got beaten by another newest tower. Another feature of the tower, it has a prayer room that can accommodate more than 10,000 worshippers.
2. Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China
The Shanghai tower was designed by Gensler architecture firm, with the total cost nearly reached USD 2,4 billion. The tower’s height is 632 meter with 130 floors. The tower itself has been occupied for office, hotel, retail and recreation zone.
The twisted design of the tower, that twists one degree per floor, was made to anticipate the wind effect on the higher floor. It is very important that Shanghai is well-known by its frequent typhoon.
1. Burj Khalifa, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
And the last, it is Burj Khalifa in UAE. It has been named from the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the king of UAE, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. The tower was designed similarly with Hymenocallis flower, as it is known for its long petals extending out from its center
The height of the tower is about 828 meter, quite far from the 2nd rank of the list. The mosque in the tower holds the record of The World’s Highest Mosque on the 158th floor. The observatory deck is also the highest in the world, that it is 450 high.
The construction takes 6 years to finish, from 2004 to 2010. The tip of the tower can be amazingly seen from nearly 100 km away! The idea of building the tower is diversifying the country’s business from oil-based to something like service and tourism based.